campestris KC94-17-XCC, X. campestris pv. vesicatoria YK93-4-XCV, X. oryzae pv. oryzae KX019-XCO and X. sp SK12, which were found in the range of 10–14 and 8–12 mm, respectively. The minimum Palbociclib inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values of oil and the extracts were ranged from 125–250 and 125 500 μg/ml and 250–1000 and 250–2000 μg/ml, respectively. Also the oil had strong detrimental effect on the viable count of the tested
bacteria. Further, the oil displayed remarkable in vivo antibacterial effect up to 65 to 100% disease suppression efficacy against the tested strains of Xanthomonas spp. on greenhouse-grown oriental melon plants (Cucumis melo L. var. makuwa). These results suggest that the oil and extracts of M. glyptostroboides could be potential source of natural antibacterials for applying in food and agriculture industries this website to control plant bacterial diseases caused by Xanthomonas spp. “
“Transmission of Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) by the fungal vector Olpidium virulentus was studied in two experiments. Two characterized cultures of the fungus were used as stock cultures for the assay: culture A was from lettuce roots collected in Castellón (Spain), and culture B was from tomato roots collected in Murcia (Spain). These fungal cultures were maintained in their original host and irrigated with sterile water. The drainage water collected
from irrigating these stock cultures was used for watering PepMV-infected and non-infected tomato plants to constitute the acquisition–source plants of the assay, which were divided into six different plots: plants containing fungal culture A (non-infected and
PepMV-infected); plants containing fungal culture B (non-infected and PepMV-infected); PepMV-infected plants without the fungus; and plants non-infected either with PepMV and the fungus. Thirty-six healthy plants grouped into six plots, which constituted the virus acquisition–transmission plants of the assay, were irrigated with different drainage waters obtained by watering the different plots of the acquisition–source plants. PepMV was only transmitted buy Temsirolimus to plants irrigated with the drainage water collected from PepMV-infected plants whose roots contained the fungal culture B from tomato with a transmission rate of 8%. No infection was detected in plants irrigated with the drainage water collected from plots with only a fungus or virus infection. Both the virus and fungus were detected in water samples collected from the drainage water of the acquisition–source plants of the assay. These transmission assays demonstrated the possibility of PepMV transmission by O. virulentus collected from tomato crops. “
“Red rot, caused by Colletotrichum falcatum, is the most significant problem of sugarcane worldwide. Pathological studies and three different marker systems were used to characterize 25 C.