For that reason, it was considered of interest to investigate the beneficial or detrimental effects induced by low monomer content grape seed extract (LMC-GSE) in a teleost experimental model, the juvenile goldfish (Carassius auratus); therefore, biomarkers of estrogenic exposure together with cholesterol titers were assessed in both plasma and tissue samples taken from fish fed with different doses of LMC-GSE for 4 weeks. Dietary LMC-GSE (71 or 35 mg/g diet) did not affect vitellogenin (VTG) synthesis; on the contrary, VTG production was exclusively induced in fish fed with an estradiol-17
LDN-193189 mw beta (E2)-incorporated diet. In addition, it was found that both plasma E2 levels and hepatic total cholesterol were not affected by LMC-GSE dietary regimens.”
“Fifty different pediatric syrups were randomly sampled from patent medicine stores and pharmaceutical shops within Awka (Anambra State, Nigeria) between November 2007 and May 2008.
Syrups were ashed before digestion using conc. aqua regia, HCl: HNO(3) (3: 1). Chromium, nickel and manganese were assayed with AAS 205A. The highest levels of nickel were seen in Magcid suspension (4.13 mg/L) and Gaviron (0.79 mg/L) whereas lowest levels were found in Asco-J vitamin and Jawaron Syrup (0.01 mg/L). About 44.1, 73.6 and 20.6% of the sampled syrups made in Nigeria had non detectable levels of nickel, chromium and manganese respectively. Chromium buy SB203580 levels ranged from 0.01 mg/L in Magcid suspension to 0.58
mg/L in emvite. Ferobin and Jawaron Syrup plus had 28.23 and 4.37 mg/L manganese, respectively. With the exception of Cephalexin Syrup, all the imported syrups had non detectable levels of chromium. The level of chromium in Cephalexin Syrup was 0.01 mg/L. About 68.8 and 43.7% of these imported syrups had non-detectable levels of nickel and manganese respectively. Nickel levels ranged from 0.01-0.09 mg/L in the imported syrups. Haemoglobin Syrup showed highest level of manganese of 0.36 mg/L whereas the lowest concentration was 0.02 mg/L in Cadiphen. Taken together the Nigerian made syrup samples had higher concentrations of the studied heavy metals. It is feared Selleck NSC23766 that ingestion of these syrups may constitute a significant source of heavy metal exposure to the children and should therefore be considered a public health problem. The public health hazards from ingestion of these syrups should be identified and disclosed by in-depth risk assessment studies.”
“The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a versatile model for fundamental and biotechnological research. A wide range of tools for genetic manipulation have been developed for this alga, but specific modification of nuclear genes is still not routinely possible. Here, we present a nuclear gene targeting strategy for Chlamydomonas that is based on the application of zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs).