(C) 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.”
“This paper reports incredibly large and rapid evolution of elastic constants in deposited copper and silver films observed by the resonant-ultrasound spectroscopy. The evolution begins just after stopping the deposition with the temperature dependent recovery rate. To explain the mechanism, we propose a model, where the elastic constants
at grain boundary regions increase by 67% at least. Diffusion of atoms along the grain boundary region is a possible reason, and we confirm that the activation energy is much smaller than that for grain-boundary diffusion in bulk materials. These results are explained by drastic structure change at grain boundaries, find more being similar to phase transition from liquid into solid phase. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3407540]“
“As limited data among
German women exist about HPV, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, we report the prevalence of these genital infections and general baseline demographics of the young German women enrolled in the phase III trials of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine.
German females (n = 437; 9-23 years) were recruited among 3 international phase 3 studies of an HPV-6/11/16/18 vaccine. Autophagy high throughput screening We present baseline characteristics, prevalence of HPV-6/11/16/18 and, for women aged 16-23, abnormal cervical cytology and sexually transmitted diseases.
Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae prevalence was 5 and 0.3%, respectively. Approximately 17% of participants had HPV-6, 11, 16, or 18 DNA or antibodies. All subjects < 17 years were na < ve to the four vaccine types.
The results of the vaccine trials have demonstrated that it is worth administering prophylactic HPV vaccines before sexual debut; however, none of these sexually
active German women were positive to all four types and most were positive to only one type. Thus, all women had the potential to benefit from vaccination with a quadrivalent HPV vaccine.”
“Questions under study: In recent years, distress see more and alexithymia have been recognised as psychosocial factors related to both somatic and psychosomatic diseases. In this study distress and alexithymia and their associations with physical parameters were investigated in lung recipients.
Methods: The study, which included 76 patients after a lung transplant, measured psychological distress (Symptom Checklist, SCL-K-9) and alexithymia (Toronto Alexithymia Scale, TAS-20). Physical health was assessed by means of lung function (FEV(1)), exhaled nitric oxide (eNO), and comorbidity (CCI) at the time of the questionnaire survey. A bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) was assessed at the time of the questionnaire survey and one year later.