Abbreviations EmCP: Emergency care practitioner; ECP: Extended care paramedic; SA: South Australia; NSW: New South Wales; WA: Western Australia; SJA-WA: St John Ambulance Western Australia. Competing interests JF receives partial salary support from St John Ambulance Western Australia (SJA-WA); IJ is Clinical Services Director at SJA-WA;
TA is Chief Executive Officer at SJA-WA; GA receives sitting fees for both the SJA-WA and Silver Chain Medical Policy Committees; DM is a member of the Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Australasian College of Emergency Medicine (ACEM) Council and Chair of the ED overcrowding sub-committee; IR receives sitting fees and is a Board member of SJA-WA. All other author(s) declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions JF drafted the manuscript Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and all other authors provided critical review of the manuscript. HT collated and incorporated the feedback from all authors. All authors (except HT, IR & MB) were principal or associate investigators on the original funding application from the Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical WA Department of GSK343 cell line Health – with IJ as the Chief Investigator. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Pre-publication history The pre-publication
history for this paper can be accessed here: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-227X/13/13/prepub Acknowledgements We would also like to acknowledge and thank Ms Amanda Holman Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical (Health Economist) for her advice regarding the Economic Evaluation and Dr Geoff McDonnell, Director Adaptive Care Systems,
New South Wales, for advice regarding systems modelling. We would also like to acknowledge and thank Mr Brian Stafford, who is the consumer representative on the Study Management Committee. Funding This study is funded by a Western Australian Department of Health ‘Targeted Research’ grant.
The patients of Group I were triaged by the responsible nurse Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical to outpatient service or rescue room of ED. And they were diagnosed by initial doctors according to personal judgment and experience. While patients of Group II were all enrolled in rescue room and were diagnosed and rescued according to the acute chest pain screening flow-process diagram (Figure (Figure1).1). The diseases associated with fatal chest pain include acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection, pneumothorax and cardiac tamponade. Misdiagnosis includes error diagnosis, delay diagnosis (beyond two hours) and Journal of Clinical Oncology missed diagnosis. The definite time to diagnosis means time from patient’s visiting to getting definite diagnosis. Figure 1 Screening of acute chest pain in emergency department Statistics processing SPSS 13.0 software was used for data management and analysis. Measurement data was described as . Difference inter-group was compared with t-test. Count data was analysed with nonparametric tests, P<0.05 was considered to have statistic difference.