2 ± 21 2 CdsL: Putative T3S ATPase tethering pT18-FliI + pT25-Flh

2 ± 21.2 CdsL: Putative T3S ATPase tethering pT18-FliI + pT25-FlhA 942.9 ± 123.1 protein pT18-FliI + pT25-CdsL 874.3 ± 59.3 CopN: Putative T3S plug protein pT18-FliI + pT25-CopN 943.2 ± 74.2 Cpn0322: Putative CdsU ortholog pT18-Cpn0322 + pT25-FlhA 779.9 ± 32.7   pT18-CdsL + pT25-FlhA 832.1

± 23.3   * FliI, FliF, FlhA, CdsL, CopN, Cpn0706 and Cpn0322 were cloned into both the pT18 and pT25 vectors. The bacterial-2-hybrid was performed in triplicate as described in the Materials and Methods section. Empty pT18 and pT25 vectors were used as a negative control while pT18-PknD + pT25-CdsD-FHA-2 was used as a positive control. The cut off for a positive interaction (577 units of activity/mg protein), is the mean of the negative control values (empty PCI-32765 order selleck products pT18 + pT25) plus two standard deviations obtained from 20 assays. Figure 3 Interaction between the flagellar components using GST pull-down assays. A: GST- FlhA308-583 was bound to glutathione beads and was used to pull down either His-FliF35-341 or His-FliF1-271 from an E. coli lysate. Beads were harvested by centrifugation and washed with either 0 mM, 200 mM or 500 mM NaCl and probed for His-tagged protein by Western blot using anti-his antibody. GST- FlhA308-583 co-purified with His-FliF35-341

but not His-FliF1-271 while GST alone did not co-purify with either. GST-FlhA308-583 is shown as a loading control. B: Full length GST-FliI, GST-FliI1-400, or GST-FliI150-470 were bound to glutathione acetylcholine beads and were used to pull down His-FlhA308-583 from an E. coli lysate. Full length GST-FliI and GST-FliI1-400 were able to co-purify with FlhA308-583 while GST-FliI150-470 was not. GST alone was not able to co-purify with His-FlhA305-583. C: Full length GST-FliI was bound to glutathione beads and used to pull down His-FliF35-341 and His-FliF1-271. GST-FliI did not co-purify with either FliF fragment. FliI interacts with FlhA In orthologous systems, it has been shown that FlhA interacts with several soluble components of the flagellar machinery, including the ATPase, FliI [34]. Therefore, we investigated

the possibility of whether FlhA interacts with FliI in C. pneumoniae. The bacterial-2-hybrid system was initially used to screen for potential protein interactions. FlhA interacted with FliI, with β-galactosidase activity of 942.9 ± 123.1 units of activity as compared to the negative control with a value of 412.0 ± 82.4 units of activity (Table 1). To confirm these protein-protein selleck chemicals interactions we used GST pull-down assays (Figure 3B). Initially FliI was cloned as three constructs, full length FliI, a C-terminal truncation of FliI (FliI1-400) and a N-terminal truncation of FliI (FliI150-471). These three constructs were tested for interaction with the His-FlhA308-583 construct. Full length GST-FliI co-purified with His-FlhA308-583, suggesting that the cytoplasmic fragment of FlhA contains the interactive domain.

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